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Títol

An AI Approach to Measuring Social Good

Conferenciant

Dr. Mark S. Fox

Professor/a organitzador/a

Agust Solanas

Institució

University of Toronto

Data

05-04-2017 17:00

Resum

Cities use a variety of metrics to evaluate and compare their performance. With the introduction of ISO 37120, which contains over 100 indicators for measuring a citys quality of life and sustainability, it is now possible to consistently measure and compare cities, assuming they adhere to the standard. The goal of this research is to automate the longitudinal analysis (i.e., how and why a citys indicators change over time) and transversal analysis (i.e., how and why cities differ from each other), in order to discover the root causes of differences. The first phase of this project focuses on the creation of standard representations of city knowledge (i.e., Vocabularies and Ontologies) that can be used to represent indicators and their supporting data and publish them on the Semantic Web. The second phase focuses on the development of consistency axioms that automate the determination of whether a city's indicators and supporting data are consistent with the ISO 37120 definitions, and whether they are longitudinally and transversally consistent. The third phase focuses on the development of diagnostic algorithms that identify the root causes of longitudinal and transversal differences. Due to the heterogeneity of the supporting data, the applicability of classical diagnostic techniques is limited. Bio: Dr. Fox is a Distinguished Professor of Urban Systems Engineering, Professor of Industrial Engineering and Computer Science, and Director of the Centre for Social Services Engineering at the University of Toronto. Dr. Fox pioneered the field of Constraint-Directed Scheduling and played a significant role in the development of Ontologies for modelling Enterprises. He is currently investigating the application of Ontologies to the representation and utilization of urban knowledge. Dr. Fox is also an entrepreneur having co-founded Carnegie Group Inc. in 1984, a software company that specialized in Artificial Intelligence-based systems, and co-founded and was CEO of Novator Systems Ltd., a pioneer in E-Retail software and services. Dr. Fox was elected a Fellow of Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence in 1991, a Joint Fellow of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research and PRECARN in 1992, and a Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada in 2009. Dr. Fox has published over 200 papers.

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Laboratori 231

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Angls